The gastrointestinal microbiota are all those groups of microorganisms that inhabit our intestine. Due to its important function and the numerous advantages it possesses, many studies have been carried out on it as the main cause and/or treatment/cure for different pathologies.
One such study has analyzed the importance of fecal microbiota transplants for the treatment of C. difficile bacteria (Clostridium difficile). This treatment consists of using/attributing/incorporating a fecal sample from a healthy donor to the patient affected by this bacterium, in order to recompose the constitution of his intestinal microbiota and thus hinder the spread of the pathogen.
The results achieved with this study were so favourable that it is possible to perceive the compatibility between the infection caused by C.difficile bacteria and the composition with which our gastrointestinal microbiota is generated.
Despite the advantages of the gastrointestinal microbiota for the treatment of C. difficile bacteria, it is worth noting that many pathologies have been linked to the fecal microbiota, as it has different characteristics compared to the microbiota of a healthy patient. This means that there are discrepancies in the variety of certain microbial species.
Likewise, dysbiosis has also been detected in patients with allergies, Parkinson's disease or intestinal diseases, as an emergence of several alterations in the amounts of the components of the microbiota.
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